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CHOP: To cut food into smaller pieces, usually with large knife
and cutting board. One hand holds knife tip on the board; the other
moves blade up and down, cutting through the food.
CUBE: To cut a solid into little cubes from about 1/2 inch to an
DICE: To cube but to make the cubes smaller - less than 1/2 inch.
Use a cutting board and a very sharp knife, or a special cubing
FLAKE: To break or pull apart a food, like chicken or fish, that
divides naturally. All you do is follow these divisions, pulling
at them gently with one or two forks. Or flake with your fingers.
GRATE: To tear off coarse-to-fine particles of food with a hand
grater or mechanical device.
GRIND: To put food through chopper. Choppers have two or three blades.
Use a blade with smaller holes to grind foods fine; one with the
larger holes for coarse chopping or grinding.
JULIENNE: To cut potatoes or vegetables into match-like sticks.
MINCE: To cut food in pieces, but finer than chopped. Mincing takes
the same steps: Use cutting board and sharp knife, chopping knife
and wooden bowl, or scissors - just do it longer.
SHRED: To cut or tear in long, narrow pieces. The fineness varies
| kitchen charts often say that foods should be 'finely"
or "coarsely " shredded. Use a hand or mechanical shredder;
or cut crisp vegetables, like cabbage, to shreds with a sharp knife.
SLIVER: To cut or splinter into long, thin strips, with a sharp
knife on a cutting board.