Muhammara (Hot Pepper Dip)

Muhammara is eaten as a dip with bread. It can also be used as a spicy dip with kebabs, grilled meats and fish. The Lebanese also eat it as a spread on toast.


  • 3 medium onions, finely chopped
  • 1/2 cup plus 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 3/4 cup crushed walnuts
  • 3/4 cup breadcrumbs blended with cold water to a puree
  • 2 tablespoons paprika (or 1 teaspoon chili powder for a very hot muhammar) or 1 small can hot pepper puree
  • Pinch of ground cumin
  • Salt
  • 1 tablespoon pine nuts sautéed in a little oil


  1. Using a deep skillet, sauté the onions gently in the oil until soft and golden.
  2. Add the walnuts, the breadcrumb puree, the pepper (chili or puree), the cumin and salt to taste. Continue to sauté gently on a low heat until the ingredients are well blended - about 12 minutes.
  3. Remove from the heat, place in a bowl and garnish with pine nuts.

Serves about 6.

Source: Cooking the Middle Eastern Way by Christine Osborne